Skip to content

La proprietà X della matrice rivisitata (o la gioia di X)

La guida o il codice passo-passo che troverai in questo post è la soluzione più veloce e valida che abbiamo trovato a questa preoccupazione o dilemma.

Soluzione:

C++, Punteggio 23/1225/1327/1428/14 31/15

Finalmente un risultato con rapporto > 2:

rows=15,cols=31
1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 
1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 
1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 
1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 
1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 
1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 
0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 
0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 
0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 
1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 
0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 
1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 

Ho esplorato completamente da 1 a 14 righe. 15 richiederebbe troppo tempo per essere esplorato completamente. I risultati sono:

1/1   = 1
2/2   = 1
4/3   = 1.333
5/4   = 1.25
7/5   = 1.4
9/6   = 1.5
12/7  = 1.714
14/8  = 1.75
16/9  = 1.778
18/10 = 1.8
20/11 = 1.818
23/12 = 1.917
25/13 = 1.923
28/14 = 2

Il codice riportato di seguito è una versione precedente del programma. La versione più recente si trova su https://github.com/thospel/personal-propertyX.

/*
  Compile using something like:
    g++ -Wall -O3 -march=native -fstrict-aliasing -std=c++11 -g propertyX.cpp -lpthread -o propertyX
*/
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 

using namespace std;

const int ELEMENTS = 2;

using uint    = unsigned int;
using Element = uint64_t;
using Column  = array;
using Set     = vector;
using Sum     = uint8_t;
using Index   = uint32_t;
using sec = chrono::seconds;

int const PERIOD = 5*60;
int const MAX_ROWS = 54;
int const COL_FACTOR = (MAX_ROWS+1) | 1;                // 55
int const ROW_ZERO   = COL_FACTOR/2;                    // 27
int const ROWS_PER_ELEMENT = CHAR_BIT * sizeof(Element) / log2(COL_FACTOR); //11
Element constexpr ELEMENT_FILL(Element v = ROW_ZERO, int n = ROWS_PER_ELEMENT) {
    return n ? ELEMENT_FILL(v, n-1) * COL_FACTOR + v : 0;
}
Element constexpr POWN(Element v, int n) {
    return n ? POWN(v, n-1)*v : 1;
}
Element const ELEMENT_TOP = POWN(COL_FACTOR, ROWS_PER_ELEMENT -1);
int const MAX_COLS = ROWS_PER_ELEMENT * ELEMENTS;       // 22

atomic col_next;
atomic  period;
chrono::steady_clock::time_point start;
mutex period_mutex;

uint ratio_row;
uint ratio_col;
mutex ratio_mutex;

auto const nr_threads = thread::hardware_concurrency();
// auto const nr_threads = 1;

struct State {
    State(uint cols);
    void process(Index i);
    void extend(uint row);
    void print(uint rows);
    Index nr_columns() const { return static_cast(1) << cols_; }

    Column last_;
    Element top_;
    int top_offset_;
    uint ratio_row_ = 0;
    uint ratio_col_ = 1;
    uint cols_;
    array side;
    vector sets;
};

ostream& operator<<(ostream& os, Column const& column) {
    for (int i=0; i(-1) - ELEMENT_FILL(1);
        }
    }
    top_ = POWN(COL_FACTOR, (cols_-1) % ROWS_PER_ELEMENT);
    top_offset_ = ELEMENTS - 1 - (cols_-1) / ROWS_PER_ELEMENT;
}

void State::print(uint rows) {
    for (auto c=0U; c(side[cols_-c+r-1]) << " ";
        }
        cout << "n";
    }
    cout << "----------" << endl;
}

void check(uint cols, uint t) {
    State state(cols);

    Index nr_columns = state.nr_columns();
    while (1) {
        Index col = col_next++;
        if (col >= nr_columns) break;
        state.process(col);

        auto now = chrono::steady_clock::now();
        auto elapsed = chrono::duration_cast(now-start).count();
        if (elapsed >= period) {
            lock_guard lock{period_mutex};
            if (elapsed >= period) {
                cout << "col=" << col << "/" << nr_columns << " (" << 100.*col/nr_columns << "% " << elapsed << " s)" << endl;
                period = (elapsed/PERIOD+1)*PERIOD;
            }
        }
    }
}

void State::process(Index col) {
    last_.fill(0);
    for (uint i=0; i> i & 1;
        side[i] = bit;
        Element carry = 0;
        for (int j=0; j(side[cols_+row-1]) << "n";
    if (row >= MAX_ROWS) throw(range_error("row out of range"));

    // Execute subset sum. The new column is added to set {from} giving {to}
    // {sum} is the other set.
    auto const& set_from = sets[row];
    auto const& set_sum  = sets[row + 1];
    auto      & set_to   = sets[row + 2];
    if (set_to.size() == 0) {
        auto size = 3 * set_from.size() - 2;
        set_to.resize(size);
        for (int j=0; j(-1) - ELEMENT_FILL(1);
    }

    // Merge sort {set_from - last_} , {set_from} and {set_from + last_}
    auto ptr_sum    = &set_sum[1][0];
    auto ptr_low    = &set_from[0][0];
    auto ptr_middle = &set_from[0][0];
    auto ptr_high   = &set_from[0][0];
    Column col_low, col_high;
    for (int j=0; j ptr_middle[j]) goto MIDDLE;
        }
        // low == middle
        // cout << "low == middlen";
        return;

      LOW:
        // cout << "LOWn";
        for (int j=0; j col_high[j]) goto HIGH0;
        }
        // low == high
        // cout << "low == highn";
        return;

      MIDDLE:
        // cout << "MIDDLEn";
        for (int j=0; j col_high[j]) goto HIGH0;
        }
        // middle == high
        // cout << "middle == highn";
        return;

      LOW0:
        // cout << "LOW0n";
        for (int j=0; j ptr_sum[j]) {
                ptr_sum += ELEMENTS;
                goto SUM;
            }
            if (ptr_to[j] < ptr_sum[j]) goto DONE;
        }
        // sum == to
        for (int j=-ELEMENTS; j<0; ++j)
            if (ptr_to[j] != ELEMENT_FILL()) {
                // sum == to and to != 0
                // cout << "sum == ton";
                // cout << set_sum[(ptr_sum - &set_sum[0][0])/ELEMENTS-1] << "n";
                return;
            }
      DONE:;
    }
    // cout << "Ween";
    auto row1 = row+1;
    if (0)
        for (uint i=0; i ratio_row_ * cols_) {
        ratio_row_ = row1;
        ratio_col_ = cols_;
        lock_guard lock{ratio_mutex};

        if (ratio_row_ * ratio_col > ratio_row * ratio_col_) {

            auto now = chrono::steady_clock::now();
            auto elapsed = chrono::duration_cast(now-start).count();
            cout << "cols=" << cols_ << ",rows=" << row1 << " (" << elapsed << " s)n";
            print(row1);
            ratio_row = ratio_row_;
            ratio_col = ratio_col_;
        }
    }

    auto last = last_;

    Element carry = 0;
    for (int j=0; j 1) {
        min_col = atoi(argv[1]);
        if (min_col < 2)
            throw(range_error("Column must be >= 2"));
        if (min_col > MAX_COLS)
            throw(range_error("Column must be <= " + to_string(MAX_COLS)));
    }
    if (argc > 2) {
        max_col = atoi(argv[2]);
        if (max_col < min_col)
            throw(range_error("Column must be >= " + to_string(min_col)));
        if (max_col > MAX_COLS)
            throw(range_error("Column must be <= " + to_string(MAX_COLS)));
    }

    for (int cols = min_col; cols <= max_col; ++cols) {
        cout << "Trying " << cols << " columns" << endl;
        ratio_row = 0;
        ratio_col = 1;
        col_next = 0;
        period = PERIOD;
        start = chrono::steady_clock::now();
        vector threads;
        for (auto t = 1U; t < nr_threads; t++)
            threads.emplace_back(check, cols, t);
        check(cols, 0);
        for (auto& thread: threads)
            thread.join();
    }
}

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    try {
        my_main(argc, argv);
    } catch(exception& e) {
        cerr << "Error: " << e.what() << endl;
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }
    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

Haskell 14/8 = 1,75

1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0
1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1
0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1
0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0

Precedentemente 9/6 = 1,5

1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1
1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0
1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0
1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0

Ho scritto questo, poi ho guardato le risposte all'altra domanda ed ero... scoraggiato.

import Data.List
import Data.Hashable
import Control.Monad
import Control.Parallel.Strategies
import Control.Parallel
import qualified Data.HashSet as S

matrix§indices = [ matrix!!i | i<-indices ]

powerset :: [a] -> [[a]]
powerset = filterM (const [True, False])

hashNub :: (Hashable a, Eq a) => [a] -> [a]
hashNub l = go S.empty l
    where
      go _ []     = []
      go s (x:xs) = if x `S.member` s
        then go s xs
        else x : go (S.insert x s) xs

getMatrix :: Int -> Int -> [Int] -> [[Int]]
getMatrix width height vector = [ vector § [x..x+width-1] | x<-[0..height-1] ]

hasDuplicate :: (Hashable a, Eq a) => [a] -> Bool
hasDuplicate m = go S.empty m
    where
        go _ [] = False
        go s (x:xs) = if x `S.member` s
            then True
            else go (S.insert x s) xs

hasProperty :: [[Int]] -> Bool
hasProperty matrix =
    let
        base = replicate (length (matrix !! 0)) 0::[Int]
    in
        if elem base matrix then
            False
        else
            if hasDuplicate matrix then
                False
            else
                if hasDuplicate (map (foldl (zipWith (+)) base) (powerset matrix)) then
                    False
                else
                    True

pmap = parMap rseq

matricesWithProperty :: Int -> Int -> [[[Int]]]
matricesWithProperty n m =
    let
        base = replicate n 0::[Int]
    in
    filter (hasProperty) $
    map (getMatrix n m) $
    sequence [ [0,1] | x<-[0..n+m-1] ]

firstMatrixWithProperty :: Int -> Int -> [[Int]]
firstMatrixWithProperty n m = head $ matricesWithProperty n m

main = mapM (putStrLn. show) $ map (firstMatrixWithProperty 8) [1..]

Ricorda che puoi dare visibilità a questa notizia se ti è stata di aiuto.



Utilizzate il nostro motore di ricerca

Ricerca
Generic filters

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato.